Recently, I’ve been reading the second edition of Semantics by Kate Kearns. I recall skimming through the first edition while still at university, but I’ll confess that not much stuck back in 2008. Chapters 8 and 9, on Aktionsarten and tense and aspect respctively, have made me reconsider what I’ve been doing with aspect and telicity marking in Qári.
I’ve been uneasy about this for a while, and this unease has grown as I’ve created more and more sample sentences for my Lexember entries (a post summarising Lexember 2020 is forthcoming!) – up until now, I’ve been using the telic markers –ye and –yó with verbs to indicate that the telos or endpoint has been reached (almost like a perfective marker, to be honest). Essentially, I have been morphologically marking what is semantically the least marked property. This is dumb.
So, taking some inspiration from “inverse number marking”, I’ve come up with a system which I feel is at once more realistic and more elegant. Commentary, as always, is highly welcome.Continue reading “Rethinking telicity and aspect in Qári”
I’ve spoken before as an advocate of Wm S Annis’ suggestion of using a diary as a conlang creation tool. Below I copy and analyse a fairly bog-standard entry from my journal.Continue reading “Fá hó yé nijá tipót já? – a Qári journal entry”
Reflections on dánafála* or “derviation from roots” in Qári, and next steps for the lexicon.Continue reading “Dánafála and the next steps for the Qári lexicon”
As I’ve worked through my list of roots, derived from the Leipzig-Jakarta list, I’ve realised how iterative this process can be. Starting out with only a handful of affixes, I can create dozens of words from one root, if I so wish. But new roots reveal new potential affixes, which can then be applied to earlier roots… Ultimately, the challenge here is knowing when to stop!Continue reading “One hundred and one Old Qári roots and their derivatives (part 2)”
A discussion of word-formation in Old Qári, along with a discussion of the phoneme inventory.Continue reading “Nonconcatenative morphology in Old Qári word-formation”